Turning the pages of History of Nepal, Kirantis were the rulers of Kathmandu valley for more than centuries of years. After 1200 A.D tons of temples and splendid palaces, monuments were built during the ruling period of 550-year regime Mallas. The cities, surroundings, the environment started being socialized during the time period of Mallas. Most of the festivals and Jatra now celebrated in different states of Nepal is also introduced in Malla ruling time period. From the year 1769, Shah dynasty comes in the throne of Nepal, to rule and made Nepal a federal state. June 1st, 2001 is regarded as the black day, where all the royal family members including King, Queen, Crown Prince and many of the relatives were killed in their own palace.
8 out of the Top 14 highest peaks in the world is from Nepal. The Himalayas, “the valley of snow”, ranges from 4000m to 8848m (Mt.Everest) the highest peak in the world. The lowest altitude in Nepal measures 64km in Kechan, Jhapa district of Nepal. The natural topography and geographical sustainability make the land suitable for agriculture to the frozen wastes of the X-ploring Nepal Himalayan mountains. One of the UNESCO heritage sites, Chitwan National Park is the habitat of different endangered animals such as Royal Bengal Tiger, Great One-horned rhinos and Gangetic dolphins along with 600 different species of birds.
In Nepal, more than 100 multi-ethnic groups speak 93 different languages and dialects. The distinction in caste still plays a significant part in our life especially when it comes to marriage. Nepali, derived from Sanskrit is the official language of the state, spoken and understood by almost all the peoples of Nepal.
Hinduism and Buddhism were the oldest, popular and high majority religion co-existed in Nepal from the years. Both religions have their own temples, monuments, and shrines. But there is discrimination, anyone from any religion visit, worship the shrines of one another. Christianity, Islam, Jainism, Sikhism, and other religions are also practiced.
We do possess an amazing diversity in the customs and beliefs of our different ethnic groups. Among all our customs and rituals, the rules of marriage are particularly interesting. In traditional families, marriages are arranged by consenting parents after the boy or girl comes of age. Our customs are as diverse as we, the Nepalese people ourselves.